Routine eye exams are important — regardless of
your age or your physical health.
During a comprehensive eye exam, your eye doctor
does much more than just determine your
prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses.
He or she will also check your eyes for common
eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together
as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator
of your overall health.
Eye examinations are an important part of health
maintenance for everyone. Adults should have
their eyes tested to keep their prescriptions
current and to check for early signs of eye
disease. And eye exams for children play an
important role in ensuring normal vision
development and academic achievement of all
Vision is closely linked to the learning
process. Children who have trouble seeing or
interpreting what they see will often have
trouble with their schoolwork. Many times,
children will not complain of vision problems
simply because they don't know what "normal"
vision looks like. If your child performs poorly
at school or exhibits a reading or learning
disability, be sure to have his eyes examined by
an eye doctor who specializes in children's
vision to rule out an underlying visual cause.
Although nerve damage and visual loss from
glaucoma cannot usually be reversed, glaucoma is
a disease that can generally be controlled. That
is, treatment can make the intraocular pressure
normal and, therefore, prevent or retard further
nerve damage and visual loss. Treatment may
involve the use of eye drops, pills (rarely),
laser, or surgery.
In the United States, eye drops are usually used
first in treating most types of open-angle
glaucoma. In contrast, in Europe, laser or
surgery is sometimes the first choice, at least
more often than it is in the United States. One
or more types of eye drops may have to be taken
up to several times a day to lower intraocular
pressure. These drops work either by reducing
the production of the aqueous fluid (shutting
the faucet) or by increasing the drainage of the
fluid out of the eye. Each type of therapy has
its benefits and potential complications.
Brightness Acuity Testing (BAT)
Disability Visual Field Testing
Color Vision Testing